History can be safely divided into three separate periods: the Classical Era, the Medieval Era,
and the Modern Era, each of which has several subsets known as "Ages". While these tend to be
Euro-centric designations, the three eras are generally represented at approximately the same time
throughout the world.
The Classical Era is the period from the origin of civilizations
in the Bronze Age through the fall of the Western Roman Empire. This is the period of ancient empires;
when Egypt ruled the Nile Delta, when Babylon spread along the Tigris and Euphrates. This is the period
of time when the first civilizations flourished in China and India - the famed, semi-mythic Xia Dynasty
and the Indus Valley Civilizations of which we still know little. It was during the Classical Era that
Brutus betrayed Caesar, and when Alexander the Great rode from Greece to India. Great thinkers came from
this time, from Plato to Hypatia of Alexandria through Marcus Aurelius. Famous plays were written by the
likes of Sophocles and Euripides; great battles waged by Scipio and Cyrus and Cao Cao. If you’ve ever
dreamed of riding a war chariot through the African desert, watching the gladiatorial games in Rome, or
balancing an ancient legacy during the Three Kingdoms, this period is for you.
Subsets: Rise of Civilizations, Egyptian Empire, Classical Greece,
Persian Empire, Roman Republic & Empire, Pax Romana, early Indian Empires, early Chinese Dynasties, Three
Kingdoms of China.
The Medieval Era goes from the fall of Rome through the beginning
of industrialization, and is a period of great change in how the world works. The western portion of the
world began to polarize over the concept of religion rather than empire, and as a result much of the emphasis
of global politic was on who you worshipped, not on how you ruled. Christendom and Islam went to war for
almost six hundred straight years; two major schisms rocked Europe, while the division between Shi’a and
Sunni was forged and continues to this day. China moved through a period of much division into a new resurgence,
before being divided and conquered by their northern neighbour. Similarly, empires arose on the American
continent for the first time, before they were destroyed by European invaders with gunpowder, war horses, and
disease. This is when Thomas Aquinas and Confucius thought, when Martin Luther and Muhammad changed the face
of religion; this is when Elizabeth I and Saladin ruled, where Henry V and Montezuma made famous wars. This
is the time of Genghis Khan and his sons, the era of Marco Polo, and the Age of Discovery. If you ever wanted
to be a Viking raiding the English countryside, a French knight riding with Charlemagne, an agent of the
Ottomans establishing a new world power, or to meet Kublai Khan, this period is for you.
Subsets: The Dark Ages, Islamic Expansion, The Middle Ages, the Viking
Era, the Reconquista, the Northern & Southern Dynasties, the Reformation, the Crusades, the Age of Exploration,
the Renaissance, the Mongol Empire, the Hundred Years War.
The Modern Era is the period from the introduction of the steam engine
until the modern era. This covers a massive swath of alterations in the way the world works, including the
post-American shift from religious allegiance to political allegiance, culminating in the World Wars of the 20th
century. Technology changes as well; gunpowder weapons dominate war, information exchange becomes rapid and eventually
instant, and long distance travel becomes a matter of days and hours instead of weeks and months. This is where the
thinking of James Watt, Albert Einstein, and Marie Curie changes the way everything is considered; where leaders like
Washington, Victoria, and Mao grab and hold onto different forms of political power that have lasted through this day.
This is the fall of European empires and the rise of republics. This is the Napoleonic Wars, the Council of Vienna,
the partition of Africa and the destruction of Imperial China. If you've ever wanted to march with the Mughals or
witness the Council of Vienna, sail with the Royal Navy or be a buccaneer out of Tortuga, load a musket at Blenheim or
perhaps watch the Trinity Test, then this period is for you.
Subsets: The Industrial Revolution, the American Revolution, the Latin American
Independence Period, the French Revolution, the Napoleonic Period, the Partition of Africa, the British Empire, Manifest
Destiny, the World Wars, the Great Depression, the Space Age.